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An evaluation of the relationship between social media usage patterns and perceived learning outcome among teacher trainees in selected private colleges in nakuru county. in kenya

Mutugi Lilian and Magutah Abysolom Kuria

Social media sites have gained popularity among college students and are becoming an indispensable constituent of majority of their daily routines. This study sought to evaluate the relationship between social media usage patterns and perceived learning outcome among teacher trainees in selected private colleges in Nakuru County in Kenya. The objectives of the study were; to assess the influence of social media usage on academic grades of teacher trainees; to examine the influence of social media usage on performance of teacher trainees during their attachment and to establish the effect of social media usage on teacher trainees’ timely completion and submission of assignments. This study was guided by the production function theory. The study adopted mixed methodology approach. Concurrent triangulation research design was applied to enable the researcher use the quantitative and qualitative methods. The target population was 1440 which comprised of 240 tutors and 1200 teacher trainees. Stratified sampling was used in order to achieve adequate representation of sub samples to create five strata based on the number of colleges. From the five colleges 291 teacher trainees were selected using proportionate sampling and 74 tutors selected using simple random sampling. The sampling procedures enabled the researcher to realize a sample size of 365 respondents. Questionnaires were used to collect data from teacher trainees whereas a structured interview schedule was used to collect data from tutors. Piloting of research instruments was conducted amongst 30 teacher trainees and 10 tutors to establish validity, reliability, credibility and dependability. Validity was established by involving the supervisor and other experts from the University who determined content validity. Reliability coefficient was obtained using Cronbach’s Alpha Method. Credibility and dependability of the qualitative data was established through triangulation and multiple analyses. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in a narrative form. The quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS Version 21). The descriptive results were presented using mean, standard deviation and frequency distribution tables. Inferential statistics was presented using spearman rank order correlation co efficient. The study established that there was a relationship between the social media usage and the perceived learning outcomes on teacher trainees.

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