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Environmental cost and health consequences of inadequate public convenience in modern cities of developing world.(a case study of federal capital city territory abuja, nigeria)

Abu,Onimisi Hassan

Inadequate public convenience have several adverse and cost effects ranging from environmental pollution, disruption of city aesthetics, pathogens transmission, creation of conditions for spread of disease and breeding ground for disease vectors. This studies examined the environmental cost and health consequences of inadequate public convenience facilities in phase I, Federal Capital City Abuja.The objectives of this study are; to assess the sufficiency of public toilet facilities within the phase I of (FCC) Abuja, to find out the level of accessibility of available public toilet facilities and sanitary conditions, to find out the alternatives to public toilet facilities where they are not available, to assess the environmental health implications or cost of inadequate public toilet facilities and to find out the level of willingness of the people to use paid or commercial public conveniences. The study area was divided into three Zones which are; Asokoro, Garki and Central Area. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data which were analyzed. The study revealed that 92.3% do not have public convenience in their Neighborhood and the available few are inaccessible to member of the public causing indiscriminate street urination and defecation at certain spots of the City Centre. The alternatives to these public conveniences are open spaces, gutters, uncompleted buildings among others; the environmental cost and health implication of inadequate public conveniences are indiscriminate street urination and defecation, foul smell and disease outbreak. The beauty of any environment lies in its good sanitary conditions and the practice of good environmental maintenance culture. Therefore this study recommends, the provision of adequate and well kempt public conveniences at strategic spots that usually attracts large member of the public.

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