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Assessment of noise pollution and its associated public health implications among traders in relief market, owerri, nigeria

OnyehideAdanna Lydna, Ihuoma Jennifer Nneka and Amadi, ChinazaOrie Agwu

Noise in market places is a matter of public health concern. In this study, a systematic noise survey was conducted at different section of the Relief market, Owerri and a descriptive survey involving 400 traders from the market recruited through a random sampling technique was carried out using structured questionnaires.Chi square test was performed to determine the relationship between knowledge of noise pollution and educational attainment of the traders. Mean noise level at different times of the day showed the Market Park section with the highest mean (89.78 dB (A)) and Rochas Plaza section had the lowest mean (76.3 dB (A)) during the morning period (8-10am) compared to Main Market section with the highest mean readings of 77.88dB (A) and Fruits section and Market Park section with similar lowest mean readings of 60.28dB (A) during the evening period (4-6pm). 95% of the respondents had knowledge of noise pollution with 55% of them stating that market noise was a primary source of noise pollution. 95% of the respondents have been seriously exposed to noise pollution and 75% have suffered from health problems associated with noise pollution. There was a significant influence of educational attainment on the knowledge of noise pollution among the traders (X2=15.6414; p < .05). The results of the study have strong implication for the enforcement of noise regulations. Awareness campaign among the traders on the health implications of noise pollution as well as enforcement of the use of personal protective equipment among the traders is also recommended.

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