The present paper reviews the Western philosophy of Dualism and how it has impacted modern science. While dualism has been very successful at advancing physics and biology, it has had limited success at advancing psychology. Dualism has in fact resulted in the development of an incomplete scientific psychology in the 20th Century. Moreover, while dualism has helped humans to understand abstractly the laws and generalizations of natural phenomenon, it has simultaneously failed to connect humans to themselves, others, and to nature. An alternative stochastic model of scientific psychology is proffered for the 21st Century. Five distinct advantages are discussed to conceptually shift psychology to an explicit stochastic model of science in the 21st Century. When a stochastic model of scientific psychology becomes the standard for psychologists, it not only allows them to do better psychological science, but it also helps them connect to different individuals, groups, and cultures around the world.
Dualism, scientific psychology, stochastic, determinism