Production of food and medicinal plants in homegardens in northeast of brazil

Author: 
Coelho, MFB., Freitas, AVL., Pereira YB., Freitas Neto, E and Azevedo, RAB

The aim of this study was to survey the use of these plants in homegardens of São João da Várzea, Mossoró, RN. The techniques of direct data collection and participant observation, guided tour, free list and semi-structured interviews were applied to 22 production units. It was found the presence of 154 species belonging to plant families 63, comprising a total of 2,474 plants. The most common species were Psidium guajava L., Cocos nucifera L. and Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton. Informants reported 15 categories of use and the most representative were medical (57), ornamental (54) and food (52), and most species had more than one reported use. The most commonly used parts were fruit (23%), leaf (17%) and stem (11%). The homegardens are composed of several spaces that reflect the socioeconomic and cultural aspects of families and have diversity of species used by families mainly as medicinal.

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