Prevalence of obesity in relation to food intake and physical work in male individuals of bannu district

Falak Zeb.,Faizan Rafi., Saleem Khan.,Samiullah., Hidayat Ullah., Ayesha Syed., Parkha Riaz Nasrullah and Jalal Bakht

There is a strong association of obesity with food intake and physical work. The study was conducted in one city and three villages of district Bannu, in such a way, that it covered all aspects of life. Hundred households were randomly selected from each location and a male individual of 20-60 years of each household was interviewed. A total of 600 individuals were interviewed. An thropometric, activity level and dietary information of three alternate days of the week were collected through a standard questionnaire. Prevalence of obesity, overweight & underweight was 14, 35 & 10% in cities and 7, 30 & 15% in villages respectively. Over all prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight was 10, 34 & 12% respectively in the district Bannu. The highest prevalence of Obesity and overweight was noted in the age group of 25-50 years (7 & 16 %), followed by >50 years (2 & 10%) and lowest prevalence of obesity and overweight was noted in the age group of 19-24 years (1 & 6%). The average energy intake was 2503±456 Kcal/day. The energy intake was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (0.360). Physical activity was negatively correlated with BMI (-0.371). Obesity and excessive central body fat were the highly prevalent health problems in the studied population. For the people of district Bannu, multi-component strategy including a low energy diet, increased physical activity and behavior therapy are strongly recommended, as it seems more efficient than treatment programs using just one or two of these modalities.

Download PDF: