Prevalence of obesity in relation to food intake and physical work in male individuals of bannu district

Author: 
Falak Zeb.,Faizan Rafi., Saleem Khan.,Samiullah., Hidayat Ullah., Ayesha Syed., Parkha Riaz Nasrullah and Jalal Bakht

There is a strong association of obesity with food intake and physical work. The study was conducted in one city and three villages of district Bannu, in such a way, that it covered all aspects of life. Hundred households were randomly selected from each location and a male individual of 20-60 years of each household was interviewed. A total of 600 individuals were interviewed. An thropometric, activity level and dietary information of three alternate days of the week were collected through a standard questionnaire. Prevalence of obesity, overweight & underweight was 14, 35 & 10% in cities and 7, 30 & 15% in villages respectively. Over all prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight was 10, 34 & 12% respectively in the district Bannu. The highest prevalence of Obesity and overweight was noted in the age group of 25-50 years (7 & 16 %), followed by >50 years (2 & 10%) and lowest prevalence of obesity and overweight was noted in the age group of 19-24 years (1 & 6%). The average energy intake was 2503±456 Kcal/day. The energy intake was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (0.360). Physical activity was negatively correlated with BMI (-0.371). Obesity and excessive central body fat were the highly prevalent health problems in the studied population. For the people of district Bannu, multi-component strategy including a low energy diet, increased physical activity and behavior therapy are strongly recommended, as it seems more efficient than treatment programs using just one or two of these modalities.

Download PDF: